ONTARIO GUARDIAN CORSO

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Guardian Corso Insights

20 Jan 2024

Unveiling the Majestic Cane Corso.                           A Comprehensive Guide to Breed Characteristics

Introduction - 

The Cane Corso, a regal and powerful breed, has a history steeped in antiquity. Originating from Italy, these dogs were once used as guardians, hunters, and warriors, making them a symbol of strength and courage. Today, the Cane Corso continues to captivate dog enthusiasts worldwide with its commanding presence and noble demeanor.


Physical Characteristics - 

The Cane Corso is a large, muscular breed, embodying strength and athleticism. Males typically stand between 24 to 27 inches at the shoulder, while females are slightly smaller. Their coat, short and dense, comes in various colors, including black, gray, fawn, and red, often with a brindle pattern. The breed's most striking feature is its broad, imposing head with a distinctive square muzzle, alert ears, and penetrating gaze.


Temperament and Personality - 

Despite their formidable appearance, Cane Corsos are known for their even temperament. They are fiercely loyal to their family, often forming a strong bond with children. However, their protective nature requires careful socialization from a young age, especially around other animals. They are generally reserved around strangers, making them excellent watchdogs.


Training and Exercise Needs -

Intelligent and eager to please, Cane Corsos respond well to consistent, positive training. Due to their size and energy levels, they require regular exercise and enjoy activities like walking, running, and agility training. Mental stimulation is equally important to prevent boredom and destructive behavior.


Health and Lifespan - 

Cane Corsos are generally healthy, but like any large breed, they can be prone to certain conditions like hip dysplasia, gastric torsion, and heart problems. A well-balanced diet and regular veterinary check-ups are essential. Their average lifespan is around 10-12 years.


Care and Grooming - 

Cane Corsos have minimal grooming needs due to their short coat. Regular brushing, occasional bathing, and routine checks for ear infections and dental hygiene are sufficient. They adapt well to various climates but should have a comfortable living space that accommodates their size.


Ideal Home Environment - 

This breed thrives in an environment where they can get plenty of exercise and interaction. They are best suited for homes with spacious yards and experienced dog owners who understand the needs of large breeds. Their protective nature makes them less ideal for apartment living or for first-time dog owners.


Conclusion - 

The Cane Corso is a magnificent breed, renowned for its loyalty, intelligence, and strength. Ideal for active families and experienced dog owners, they make excellent companions for those who appreciate their protective nature and are willing to invest time in their training and care. Embodying the essence of a gentle giant, the Cane Corso continues to be a beloved and respected breed in the canine world.

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16 Jan 2024

Perfect Paws: Exercising Your 8-Week-Old Cane Corso

Welcome to the world of puppy parenting! If you’ve recently welcomed an adorable 8-week-old Cane Corso into your home, you’re in for an exciting journey. One of the key aspects of raising a healthy and happy pup is ensuring they get the right amount of exercise. But how much is just right for a Cane Corso puppy at this tender age?


Understanding the Cane Corso Puppy


First, it's essential to understand the unique needs of this magnificent breed. The Cane Corso is known for its strength, intelligence, and loyal nature. As a large breed, they require regular exercise to maintain their physical health and mental well-being. However, at eight weeks old, your puppy is still developing, and their exercise needs are different from an adult dog.


The Right Amount of Exercise


For an 8-week-old Cane Corso, exercise should be about building positive experiences and focusing on short, gentle activities. Over-exercising a puppy can lead to joint and bone problems later in life, especially in large breeds like the Cane Corso.


- Short Play Sessions - 10-15 minutes of playtime, two or three times a day, is ideal. This can include gentle games, short walks in your yard, and interactive play with toys.

- Training as Exercise - Incorporate basic training sessions into their routine. Teaching commands like ‘sit’, ‘stay’, and ‘come’ provides mental stimulation and is a gentle way to exercise your puppy.

- Avoid Strenuous Activities - It’s important to avoid activities that are too rigorous for their developing bodies, such as running on hard surfaces or jumping from heights.


Socialization and Exercise


Socialization is a crucial part of your puppy’s development. Exposure to different environments, people, and other pets in a controlled and safe manner helps in their overall growth. Remember, socialization is also a form of exercise for their minds!


Listening to Your Puppy


Pay close attention to your puppy’s behavior. If they seem tired, let them rest. Puppies need more sleep than adult dogs, and adequate rest is just as important as exercise.


Final Thoughts


Balancing exercise with rest and proper nutrition is key to raising a healthy Cane Cor


Corso puppy. Remember, each puppy is unique, so adjust the routine as per your pup's energy levels and health. As they grow, their exercise needs will increase, and you can gradually introduce more activities into their routine.


In conclusion, for your 8-week-old Cane Corso, it's all about moderation, gentle play, and lots of love. These early weeks set the foundation for a lifetime of health, happiness, and the unbreakable bond between you and your furry companion.


Happy puppy parenting!

11 Jan 2024

The Majestic Cane Corso: A Journey Through Italian History

The Cane Corso, a breed that epitomizes the blend of power, elegance, and ancient Roman history, has a story deeply rooted in the heart of Italy. This majestic breed, known for its impressive physique and noble temperament, carries a legacy that dates back to ancient times.


The origins of the Cane Corso can be traced back to Ancient Rome, where they were bred from Roman war dogs known as "Canis Pugnax." These dogs were renowned for their strength and agility, and they were used in warfare and as guardians. As the Roman Empire expanded, these dogs were brought along, serving as both protectors and hunters, solidifying their place in Roman history.


With the fall of the Roman Empire, the Cane Corso adapted to a changing world. In rural Italy, they became indispensable as farm dogs, known for their ability to herd cattle, guard property, and even hunt large game. During the Renaissance, their presence is noted in various artworks, indicating their status and importance in Italian society.


By the 19th century, the Cane Corso's role shifted from a war dog to a more domesticated role. However, the two World Wars and industrialization led to a decline in the breed’s population. Their numbers dwindled alarmingly, and by the mid-20th century, they were on the brink of extinction.


The 1970s marked a turning point for the Cane Corso. Italian enthusiasts, recognizing the breed’s historical significance and unique qualities, began a concerted effort to revive it. Through careful breeding programs, they successfully brought the Cane Corso back from the edge of extinction, preserving its lineage and characteristics.


Today, the Cane Corso is celebrated not just in Italy but globally. They are admired for their loyalty, intelligence, and protective nature. While no longer needed for war or heavy labor, they continue to be cherished as family protectors, companions, and a living link to Italy’s rich historical tapestry.


The Cane Corsi journey through Italian history is a testament to resilience and adaptability. From the battlefields of Ancient Rome to the farms of rural Italy, and now as beloved companions, they have navigated through centuries, embodying the spirit and heritage of their homeland.

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10 Jan 2024

The Vital Role of the Sire and Dams overall Health in Raising Healthy Canine Puppies.

The health and temperament of the sire and dam are fundamental factors that significantly contribute to the overall wellbeing of their offspring. This is especially crucial in the context of breeding, as it sets the stage for the future health, behavior, and quality of life of the puppies.


Firstly, the genetic influence of both parents plays a pivotal role in shaping the physical health of the offspring. A healthy sire and dam with robust genetics are more likely to produce puppies with strong immune systems, lower susceptibility to hereditary diseases, and increased overall vitality. By prioritizing the health of the breeding pair, breeders can contribute to a diverse and resilient gene pool, reducing the risk of genetic disorders in subsequent generations.


Equally important is the impact of parental temperament on the behavior and socialization of the puppies. The demeanor and behavior of the sire and dam serve as a model for the young ones, influencing their own behavior patterns. Dogs with calm, friendly, and well-balanced temperaments are more likely to pass on these positive traits to their offspring, creating a stable and harmonious environment within the family unit.


Furthermore, the emotional health of the pups is closely linked to the temperament of the parents. A nurturing and supportive environment provided by emotionally stable parents contributes to the development of secure and confident puppies. On the contrary, a stressful or unstable environment can result in anxious and fearful behavior in the offspring.


In conclusion, the importance of considering the health and temperament of both the sire and dam in the breeding process cannot be overstated. By prioritizing these factors, breeders contribute not only to the physical health of the puppies but also to their behavioral and emotional wellbeing. This holistic approach ensures that the next generation of dogs is set up for a healthy, happy, and fulfilling life.

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7 Jan 2024

Nutritional Needs of Large Breed Dogs

A Comprehensive Guide


Large breed dogs, with their impressive stature and gentle dispositions, require special attention when it comes to nutrition. Properly meeting their nutritional needs is crucial for their overall health, growth, and longevity. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the specific dietary requirements of large breed dogs, shedding light on key considerations for their well-being.


1. Balanced Diet for Growth.

Large breed puppies undergo rapid growth, making it essential to provide a well-balanced diet. Opt for high-quality puppy food specifically formulated for large breeds, ensuring an appropriate blend of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates to support their developing bones and muscles.


2. Protein is Key.

Proteins play a pivotal role in the development and maintenance of muscles. Look for dog food with a protein content tailored to large breeds, typically around 20-30%. Sources like chicken, turkey, and fish provide essential amino acids for optimal muscle development.


3. Mindful Caloric Intake.

While supporting growth is crucial, it's equally important to manage caloric intake. Large breeds are prone to orthopedic issues, and excessive weight can exacerbate these problems. Monitor your dog's weight and adjust their diet accordingly to maintain a healthy balance.


4. Joint Health Supplements.

Large breeds are susceptible to joint problems like hip dysplasia. Consider incorporating joint supplements containing glucosamine and chondroitin into their diet to support cartilage health and reduce the risk of joint issues.


5. Calcium and Phosphorus Ratios.

Maintaining the right balance of calcium and phosphorus is critical for large breed puppies. Excessive calcium can lead to skeletal abnormalities, while insufficient amounts may hinder proper bone development. Choose dog food with controlled calcium and phosphorus levels, adhering to the recommendations for large breeds.


6. Omega-3 Fatty Acids for Coat and Skin Health.

Include sources of omega-3 fatty acids, such as fish oil, in your dog's diet to promote a healthy coat and skin. These essential fatty acids also contribute to overall cardiovascular health.


7. Regular Monitoring and Adjustments.

As your large breed dog transitions from puppyhood to adulthood and eventually into their senior years, their nutritional needs will evolve. Regularly monitor their weight, energy levels, and overall health, adjusting their diet accordingly with guidance from your veterinarian.



Meeting the nutritional needs of large breed dogs requires a thoughtful approach, combining high-quality, breed-specific nutrition with regular monitoring and adjustments. By providing a balanced diet that supports growth, joint health, and overall well-being, you can ensure your large breed companion enjoys a healthy and happy life. Consult with your veterinarian to create a tailored nutrition plan that addresses your dog's specific needs throughout their life stages.

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6 Jan 2024

The 3 Types of Dog Fights


The type of dog fight will determine how you can stop it as quickly and safely as possible. Grouping dog fights into three different types further below, but be aware that a fight can shift from one to another if not stopped!


No to Low-Contact 'Scuffle'

These fights tend to be loud with lots of snarling, growling, and barking. What's "good" here is that if a dog is able to make a lot of noise, that usually means their mouth isn't full of the other dog. In these scuffles, there is little to no actual bite contact. Typically these fights can be stopped by using hands-off techniques.


Cite-Release 'Scissor' Fight

This type of dog fight includes bite attempts, but not grab-and-hold biting. There may be bite contact, but the dog releases and does not hold on before trying again. For stopping these fights, you should start with hands-off techniques but may need to move quickly to hands-on separation options. 


Bite-Hold 'Grab' Fight

These are the most severe of dog fights, where the dog(s) are biting and holding onto the other dog. They may bite and hold or shake the other dog. While there may be growling, these fights tend to be quieter than the other two types, since the dogs' mouths are busy. Stopping these fights usually requires going straight to high-level hands-on techniques with the help of at least one other person


*How to break up each kind of dog fight*

If a dog fight breaks out, follow the steps outlined below. No matter the type of fight, it's crucial to immediately separate the dogs in a secure area to allow for evaluation and decompression. Longer-term separation may be required in some cases.

first take a breath and plan you're next move. Evaluate what type of dog fight it is, as that may mean you go straight to hands-on techniques versus starting with hands-off.

there are two cases in which time is of the essence in separating the dogs, when there are significant size differences between the fighting dogs or when a dog has a gripping bite on another dog's airway or major blood supply. 

1 - Make A Loud Noise - Use a loud, deep shout (not a scream), clapping, pounding on the wall, or other loud noise to attempt to startle the dogs apart. Other sound options include an air horn, a shaker can/jug, a can of compressed air, or banging pots or pans together

2 - water Spray - Spray the dogs with water, using a spray bottle or water hose, or by dumping water from a dog water bowl or water bottle on them. This may startle them apart.

3 - Physical Blocking Board - Shove a large item between the two fighting dogs, such as a dog gate, sturdy dog cot, chair, trash can, or plywood board

4 - Leashed Separation - Safety Note: Do not use this technique for bite-hold fights as trying to pull the dogs apart could cause worse injury at the bite location. Use leashes to separate the dogs. If leashes are not already attached to the dog, grab a slip lead and loop it over the dog's neck (this takes some lasso skills) or around their body in front of their hind legs. If you are alone, pull one dog away and securely attach them to a fence or post before then pulling the other dog away and separating. *This technique has a high risk of redirected bites, where a dog whips around to bite the person when they can no longer get to the other dog*

5 - wheelbarrow -  **Don not use in bite hold fight** Two people are required for this technique. If alone, you could attempt if you can securely attach one dog to a fence or post with a leash. Grab a hold of each dog from directly behind, hands holding the dog at the top and inside of their back things/legs (where the legs meet their body). Lift up like a wheelbarrow and turn dogs away in opposite directions from each other. 

6 - Deterrent Spray To Release - Spray citronella spray into the nose and mouth of the biting dog. The smell and taste can get them to release their bite. 

7 - Feed The Bite  -  Done ideally with two people (one to control the dog being bitten, and the other to control the biting dog). From the control position, push the biting dog's mouth INTO the bite. Hold the victim dog steady or push them into the bite at the same time. When the bite releases, immediately move the dogs away from each other. 

**What Is Control Position?**

The next three techniques to break up a dog fight require you to take the "control position." The control position is where you stand straddling the dog's body with your legs, facing the same direction. Your legs should be positioned in front of their hips but behind the ribs. With your hands, firmly grip the back of their neck by the scruff (and collar, if available). Do not only hold them by the collar, as collars can break but scruffs do not. In the control position, you have control over the dog's body with your legs and of their head with your hands. This helps prevent redirected bites to yourself and makes it difficult for a dog to attempt further bites to the other dog once separated **Alternative control position** For small or very large dogs (or when you are uncomfortable having both legs straddling the dog), you can use an alternative control position. One hand is holding the collar/scruff of the dog, and that arm is locked straight. The other arm can grip the dog on the same side back leg or ankle of the dog.

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5 Jan 2024

Vegetables For Dogs

🫑🥕🌽Vegetable List🥦🫛🥒

Beets, Bell peppers, Broccoli, Carrots, Celery, Green beens, Peas, Spinach, Sweet potato, Kale, Asparagus, Cauliflower, Brussel sprouts, Pumpkin, Cucumbers, Corn, and MORE!!

😋Ways To Feed Your Dog Vegetables😋

Vitamins and minerals can be altered by cooking certain vegetables, which is why raw vegetables often are best for your dog. The ways to feed your dog vegetables are endless, and only limited by your own imagination! Some people cook elaborate meals for their dogs, others simply steam or blanch a few fresh veggies. To encourage your dog to eat more vegetables, mix chopped vegetables into your dog’s regular food. Pet nutrition expert Christy Love says she often feeds her dog raw veggies such as carrots and broccoli. She typically washes them and then blends them in a food processor. Raw veggies can be more difficult for dogs to digest, so by putting them in a food processor, it helps to break down the membrane of the vegetable and allows your dog to make use of all the vegetables’ nutrients. Dr. Rebecca Greenstein,  a veterinary medical advisor for pet services Rover and owner of Kleinburg Veterinary Hospital in Ontario, Canada also recommends steaming vegetables to help soften them for your pup. Lightly steaming vegetables such as carrots and sweet potatoes helps to soften them, making them easier to cut into bite size pieces and making them easier to chew and safely swallow. You should also always avoid adding any fats, including oil or butter, or salt or seasonings to the vegetables you feed your dogs. Even when feeding your dog healthy vegetables, you should make sure they don’t make up more than 10% of your dog’s daily food intake. 

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